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Symptoms Of The Right Ear Of Lighting, Diagnosis, And Treatment Of Infections
Otitis media, the medical term for ear infections, not of his threatening to many people. However, when the ear is infected, the symptoms of ear infections can cause enough discomfort that can force a person to consult a doctor immediately.
The Anatomy of the human ear has three main parts, each with a unique function: the outer ear, middle ear, and the inner ear. Categorize any clinical manifestation of ear infections and they are appropriate depending on the affected part.
Ear infections, also known under the name of external otitis, have a prevalence in children and swimmers. This is often caused by swimming in contaminated water, therefore, the term ‘Otitis of the bather. Children tend to scratch the ears often with their fingers or objects contaminated such as cotton and this can lead to injuries and microscopic tears in the integrity of the skin of the ears. Children are also at the moment of placing foreign objects in the ear that can fit in the ear canal.
Pinna (visible part of the ear) and the external ear canal is usually affected. The classic manifestations of external otitis are to define the extreme pain when the Pavilion will be moved. Other symptoms of infection ear outside the atria are a redness and swelling, constriction and itching of the external auditory meatus, ear drainage and temporary hearing loss due to the tightening of the ear canal.
Pseudomonas aeruginosin and bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus and fungi such as Candida Albicans and Aspergillus are pathogens more common.
It is usually a complication of otitis infection of the upper respiratory tract, causing inflammation of the proboscis of Eustache and the tympanic membrane. Pathogens can travel from the pharynx to the middle ear by the tube.
For the most common bacteria Streptococcus otitis media pathogens pneumonia is. Other bacteria such as Haemophilus influenza and Moraxella catarrhal sore often causes an agent too.
For viral infections, otitis virus respiratory syncytial (RSV) and rotavirus (RV) is a pathogen common…
Signs and symptoms often disappear when the underlying cause is cured. However, patients may experience pain from severe ear because of the rise in pressure due to the accumulation of fluids. The inflamed proboscis of Eustace as actually not able to circulate the fluid out of her. This creates pressure that can force the eardrum to burst and the drainage of fluid and PUs can occur. However, the perforation can bring relief from pain and pressure.
Middle ear infection symptoms include tinnitus, fever, feeling of fullness in the ears, deaf and irritability.
Acute otitis becomes chronic when the signs and symptoms persist for more than 3 months and accompanied by perforation of the eardrum and drainage.
Otitis media international
Ear infections, respiratory tract infections, meningitis and virus infection can spread in the direction of the inner ear. When this happens, the most important clinical manifestation is dizziness and loss of balance. The inner ear is responsible for the maintenance of balance on the head movements and changes in the position of the body. Therefore, a disorder can occur in infection of the inner ear (otitis), serious and debilitating dizziness and balance.
The inner ear is the final stage in which must pass sound waves. It is responsible for turning the sound waves into electrical impulses that are transmitted to the auditory cortex of the brain. Symptoms of infection of the inner ear, patients are not only suffering a crippling loss of balance but tinnitus (ears ring tones) and so the hearing loss. Other symptoms include HCnistagmus (involuntary, rapid, continuous and repetitive and sets eye movement) due to problems with the vestibular eye reflex. Nausea and vomiting, as well as psychological disturbances, may occur because of severe headaches.
The ear infection diagnostic tool
Help providers of health care with an accurate diagnosis of the observations of the Atria, anamnesis, and the document ear infections symptoms are needed by doctors.
Special equipment such as the Otoscope (Auriscope) allows a Visual evaluation of the ear canal and middle ear or tympanic membrane mainly the tympanum of the anomalies.
To evaluate the function of the middle ear, the pneumatic Otoscope is examining the response of the barometric pressure eardrum. This test is used to measure the accumulation of fluid in the middle ear. Tympanometry is also used for the same purpose, but using sound waves that cause changes in air pressure causes reactions of the eardrum.
For hearing problems, the basic tools like a tuning fork give instructions on the driver and the sense of hearing. For a more detailed analysis, audiometer can be used to determine the State of hearing loss.
For dizziness and balance problems, Electronystagmography can be performed to determine the condition of the reflex the oculovestibular with analysis eyepiece deliberate movements (HCnistagmus).
Tests such as tests of the auditory reaction of the brainstem (AABR) more advanced measures at the level of hearing, dizziness and tinnitus. Simple tests like ladders meet Stork can be made with closure in helping prevent injuries caused by falls.
The ear infection treatments
For infections of the external ear, the topical antiseptic solutions such as Liang solutions, as well as drops ear antibiotics and steroids are an accepted method of treatment. While the antifungal ointments azoles, like Clotrimazole, Ketoconazole cream is effective against the fungus Otomycosis or Singapore ear. »
Otitis media infection, antibiotics are the main choice is amoxicillin. Distinguish lowercase/uppercase of the drug, side effects unbearable and the bacterial resistance, the antibiotics, the following classes can be used in the following order: amoxicillin-Clavulanate, Sulfametoksazol Trimethoprim or Co-Trimoxazole, Cephalosporin, Erythromycin & Azithromycin. As a paracentesis (eardrum incision) surgical tympanostomy tubes and location of the ear fluid drainage promote the central part and ventilation.
For infection international otitis, virus and the corticosteroid of drugs like prednisone prescribed in complementarity at the origin of the infection by the virus. For infections bacterial, antibiotics, such as used for the infection of otitis can be used as well. Anxiolytic drugs such as diazepam, as antiemetics such Meclozine and prochlorperazine, is commonly used for the relief of anxiety, vomiting, and dizziness, respectively.
Rehabilitation is an important part of the treatment for otitis media international to help patients to recover gradually balance, an approach and an orientation change in positions and their movement.
According to ear infections, treatment of the symptoms of ear infection can be simple and complex at the same time. To prevent complications occur, always consult your doctor first as self-medication can achieve a negative result.