Wednesday, 15 August 2018
Ear Infection Editor Choice

Ear infection symptoms (Description, diagnosis, and treatment)

Ear infection symptoms (Description, diagnosis, and treatment)


Otitis, the medical term for ear infections don’t sound threatening to many people. However, when the ear is infected, the symptoms of ear infections can cause enough discomfort that can force a person to seek medical attention immediately.

The Anatomy of the human ear has three basic parts, each with a unique feature: the outer ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. Categorization of each ear infections and associated clinical manifestations depending on the part that hurts.


Otitis externa


Outer ear infections, also known as “otitis externa”, very common among children and swimmers. This is often caused by swimming in contaminated water, therefore, the term “swimmer’s ear”. Children tend to scratch their ears often with a finger or using contaminated objects such as cotton buds and this can cause microscopic cuts and tears in the ear skin integrity. Children are also sometimes put foreign objects in the ear that can stay in the rut of the ear.

Pinna (visible part of the ear) and the ear canal is usually affected. The classic manifestation which defines external Otitis is an intense pain when the flag moves. Other symptoms of ear infections beyond the redness and swelling at the atrium, construction and itching in the ear canal, ear drainage and temporary loss of hearing due to the hardening of the ear canal.

Pseudomonas aeruginosin and bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus and fungi such as Candida albicans and Aspergillus are the most common pathogens.


Otitis media


Otitis media is usually a complication of infection in the upper respiratory tract, causing inflammation of the Eustachian tube and the tympanic membrane. Pathogens can travel from the pharynx to the middle ear through the tube.

For the bacteria, Streptococcus Otitis Media pneumonia is the most common pathogens. other bacteria, Moraxella catarrhal Hemophilus influenza and also often the agent causes.

To be viral infections otitis media, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and rotavirus (RV) is a common pathogen.

Signs and symptoms often disappear when curing the underlying cause. However, patients may experience severe ear pain due to a buildup of pressure that results from the accumulation of fluid. The swelling the eustachian which is tubal cannot effectively drain the liquid out. This creates pressure that can force the eardrum rupture and drain the fluid and PUs can occur. However, drilling can provide relief of pain and pressure.

Other symptoms of a middle ear infection include fever, tinnitus, ear full, temporary deafness and irritability.

acute otitis media is becoming chronic when the signs and symptoms persist for more than 3 months and accompanied with perforated tympanic membranes and drainage.


Otitis Interna


Media otitis, infection of the upper respiratory tract, meningitis, and viral infections can spread to the inner ear. When this happens, the most important clinical manifestations is vertigo and loss of balance. The inner ear is responsible for maintaining balance during the movement of the head and body position changes. Therefore, in the inner ear infection (internal otitis), serious and debilitating vertigo and balance disorders may occur.

The inner ear is the final stage in which the sound waves must pass. It is responsible for changing the sound waves into electrical impulses that are transmitted to the auditory cortex of the brain. In the inner ear infection symptoms, patients are not only suffering from crippling loss of balance but tinnitus (ringing in the ears) and hearing loss as well. Other symptoms include nystagmus (repeat involuntary movements, fast, continuous, and the eyes of the mono-directional) due to problems with the vestibular reflexes. Nausea and vomiting, as well as psychological disorders, can occur due to dizziness.


Diagnostic tool for ear infections


To assist health care providers with an accurate diagnosis, a visual observation of the atrium, made history as well as document the symptoms of ear infections they all needed by doctors.

special tools such as the otoscope (Auriscope) allows visual assessment of the external auditory canal and middle ear, especially the eardrum or tympanic membrane, to detect any abnormalities.
To evaluate the function of the middle ear, the ear of the outer check air pressure response of the eardrum. This test is used to evaluate the accumulation of fluid in the middle ear. A Tympanometer is also used for the same purpose, but using sound waves that cause changes in air pressure causes the reaction to the eardrum.

For the deaf, basic tools, such as adjustment of the fork, give instructions to the conductive and sensory hearing loss. For a more detailed analysis, an Audiometer is used to find out the condition of the hearing loss.

For the problem of vertigo and balance, you can make Electronystagmography know conditions analyzing eye movements (nystagmus) refl jo oculovestibular intentional.

more sophisticated tests such as tests of auditory brainstem response (ABR) measures the level of hearing loss, dizziness, and tinnitus. a simple balance test as it stands the test of a crane can be done with the help of nearby to prevent dislocations.


Treatment for ear infections


For external ear infections, topical antiseptic solutions such as Burrow antibiotic ear drops and solution methods of steroid and received treatment. While the antifungal ointments like clotrimazole and azole ketoconazole cream are effective against fungus Otomycosis or “Singapore ear.”

For infection of Otitis media, the main choices are Amoxicillin medicine. If drug side effects, side effects unbearable and the bacterial resistance occurs, it can be used the next class of antibiotics in the following order: Amoxicillin-clavulanate, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole or Kotrimoksazol, Cefalosporins, erythromycin, and Azithromycin. surgical procedures such as a myringotomy (incision of the eardrum) and placement of tympanostomy tubes promote drainage and ventilation of the middle ear fluid.

For the internal medicine infection of Otitis and medicines such as corticosteroidal virus, Prednisone complements prescribed for viral infections. For bacterial infections, antibiotics, as used for the infection of infectious otitis, can also be used. Anti-anxiety drugs such as diazepam and antiemetic as Meclozine and prochlorperazine are commonly used to relieve anxiety, vomiting, and dizziness, respectively.

Rehabilitation is an important component of treatment otitis international to help the patient gradually return balance, progress and the orientation of changes of position and movement.

Depending on ear infections, treatment of ear infection symptoms can be both simple and complicated. To avoid complications, always consult your doctor first as self-medication can have adverse results.

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